For centuries, accounting was a manual process. Starting in the late 1800s, a series of technological innovations emerged that not only changed the way the accounting process was conducted but dramatically changed the workplace, the workforce, the information provided, and the accounting profession itself. By 1930, most major US companies had adopted mechanical accounting as a more efficient way of processing accounting information. This paper examines the historical development and influence of mechanical accounting in the U.S. from 1880 to 1930.
Wooton, Charles W. and Kemmerer, Barbara E.
"Emergence of mechanical accounting in the U.S., 1880-1930,"
Accounting Historians Journal: Vol. 34
, Article 7.
Available at: https://egrove.olemiss.edu/aah_journal/vol34/iss1/7