Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Ph.D. in Engineering Science


Electrical Engineering

First Advisor

Fan Yang

Second Advisor

Gerard Buskes

Third Advisor

Alexander Yakovlev

Relational Format



Reconfigurable beam antenna systems are capable of changing their radiation characteristics in real time, such as beam direction, beam shape, beamwidth, etc. Such antenna system is desired for various wireless applications because of many reasons among them; it helps to enhance signal strength received from an intended target, mitigates interference, and accommodates sudden changes in traffic demand of wireless networks. It might also help to reduce the deployment cost of wireless networks infrastructures. In this dissertation, designs for reconfigurable beam microstrip antennas with tunable radiation characteristics have been proposed. The method to achieve these designs is the reconfigurable parasitic element (s) of tunable electrical size, placed in close proximity to the driven patch. A tuning mechanism with the aid of Varactor diodes is introduced for the parasitic patch that effectively allows for controlling its electrical size. This (these) reconfigurable parasitic patch (es) is (are) then applied in different fashions to devise several antenna designs with dynamic electronic control over certain radiation specifications. The accomplished antenna designs in the dissertation are: * Circularly polarized (CP) beam scanning antenna, where two elements microstrip Yagi-Uda antenna is used. The first element is a square patch driven with two probe feeds of quadrature phase for CP excitation. The second element is a parasitic square patch with narrow square-shaped slot carved on its surface. The parasitic patch is adjacent to the driven patch with a small separation distance. Four varactor diodes are placed on the middle of each side of the square slot to facilitate tuning of its electrical size. The parasitic patch electrical size is alloto be effectively tuned by varying the applied reverse biasing DC voltage to the varactors (capacitance value). The CP beam direction is scanned from -36° to 32° with gain variation from 5.7 to 8.2 dBic, and efficiency from 54% to 75.58% along the scanning range. * Two-dimensional beam scanning antenna, where two orthogonal crossed Yagi-Uda antenna configuration is utilized. The driven element is a square patch excited with a probe coaxial feed. The other two parasitic patches are closely placed along the E & H planes of the driven patch. Each parasitic patch has a narrow rectangular slit at its center, where a varactor diode is placed to allow for tuning its electrical size. The beam direction is permitted to be scanned in both the elevation and azimuth planes. The achieved scan range in the elevation plane is from 0° to 32°, whereas in azimuth plan is from 0° to 90°. Along the scanning range, the attained gain changes from 8.1 to 8.9 dBi, and efficiency changes from 86% to 93%. * Tunable beamwidth antenna, with a dynamic control over the radiation beam focusing is proposed. The antenna consists of a square patch excited by a coaxial probe feed, and other two square parasitic patches placed on both sides of the driven along its H-plane. Each parasitic patch has a narrow slit at its center loaded with lumped varactor diode to tune its electrical size. Upon changing the parasitic patches size, the antenna effective aperture is altered, and hence the beamwidth in the H-plane is controlled. The achieved beamwidth tuning range is from 52° to 108°, whereas the gain changes from 6.5 to 8.1 dBi. Throughout the dissertation, 2.45 GHz is chosen, as an example, to be the target frequency. All the designs are validated through experimental measurements for fabricated prototypes, and good agreement is observed between the predicted and measured results.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.