Date of Award
Ph.D. in Pharmaceutical Sciences
University of Mississippi
Purpose: The sustainability of clinical pharmacogenomics requires further study of clinical education on the topic, its effects on clinical workflow, and the responsibilities of different providers for its delivery. Tools from the discipline of implementation science were utilized herein to help achieve the purposes of the three studies. The broad purpose of this dissertation is to advance the work of clinical pharmacogenomic implementation through a more rigorous convergence with implementation science.
Methods: Three studies constitute the whole of this dissertation. The first is a scoping review that provides a broad characterization of the methods utilized in available peer-reviewed literature focusing on provider use of and experience with using pharmacogenomics in practice or the study setting. The second study used semi-structured in-depth interviews to elicit strategies and perspectives from leadership in current implementation programs using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Science (CFIR) Process Domain. The third used a cross-sectional quantitative survey with experimental vignettes to explore the potential for pharmacist-physician collaboration using newly developed implementation science outcomes.
Results: The scoping review included 25 studies, with many focused on the interactions of providers with clinical decision support systems and adherence to therapeutic recommendations represented. Results from the interviews were extensive but several highlights included a focus on understanding pharmacogenomic use prior to implementation, high-touch informal communication with providers, and the power of the patient case. The survey analysis revealed that the primary care physicians believe that it is more appropriate to deliver clinical pharmacogenomics when a pharmacist is physically located in a clinic and is responsible for managing and modifying a drug therapy based on these results.
Conclusion: These three studies further the convergence of implementation science and genomic medicine, with particular focus on pharmacogenomics and the foundational concept of implementation science, sustainability. The scoping review should provide future researchers with a landscape of available and previously used methodologies for interventional pharmacogenomic studies. The interview results will help new implementers of pharmacogenomics steer around avoidable hurdles or make them easier to address. The survey results showcase the potential for pharmacist-physician collaboration in clinical pharmacogenomics.
Keeling, Nicholas, "A Sustainable Future In The Implementation Of Clinical Pharmacogenomics" (2019). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1929.