Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Title

Distributed Turbo Product Coding Techniques Over Cooperative Communication Systems

Date of Award

2010

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Ph.D. in Engineering Science

First Advisor

Lei Cao

Second Advisor

Bahram Alidaee

Third Advisor

Paul M. Goggans

Abstract

In this dissertation, we propose a coded cooperative communications framework based on Distributed Turbo Product Code (DTPC). The system uses linear block Extended Bose-Chaudhuri-Hochquenghem (EBCH) codes as component codes. The source broadcasts the EBCH coded frames to the destination and nearby relays. Each relay constructs a product code by arranging the corrected bit sequences in rows and re-encoding them vertically using EBCH as component codes to obtain an Incremental Redundancy (IR) for source's data. Under this frame, we have investigated a number of interesting and important issues. First, to obtain, independent vertical parities from each relay in the same code space, we propose circular interleaving of the decoded EBCH rows before reencoding vertically. We propose and derive a novel soft information relay for the DTPC over cooperative network based on EBCH component codes. The relay generates Log-Likelihood Ratio (LLR) values for the decoded rows are used to construct a product code by re-encoding the matrix along the columns using a novel soft block encoding technique to obtain soft parity bits with different reliabilities that can be used as soft IR for source's data which is forwarded to the destination. To minimize the overall decoding errors, we propose a power allocation method for the distributed encoded system when the channel attenuations for the direct and relay channels are known. We compare the performance of our proposed power allocation method with the fixed power assignments for DTPC system. We also develop a power optimization algorithm to check the validity of our proposed power allocation algorithm. Results for the power allocation and the power optimization prove on the potency of our proposed power allocation criterion and show the maximum possible attainable performance from the DTPC cooperative system. Finally, we propose new joint distributed Space-Time Block Code (STBC)-DTPC by generating the vertical parity on the relay and transmitting it to the destination using STBC on the source and relay. We tested our proposed system in a fast fading environment on the three channels connecting the three nodes in the cooperative network.

Concentration/Emphasis

Electrical Engineering

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