Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Ph.D. in Education

First Advisor

Joel C. Amidon

Second Advisor

Kenya E. Wolff

Third Advisor

Angus S. Mungal


University of Mississippi

Relational Format



Teachers have had to use standards to teach with since the 1980’s. The CCRS has made a significant shift in how standards are written and the expectations of students in learning them. With the three-dimensional design, teachers are required to change their pedagogy in order to implement the standards with fidelity. That requires training, support, and resources for the teachers. The purpose of this study was to provide insight in the experiences of high school teachers in Mississippi as they implemented the standards. Additionally, the researcher revealed emotions related to implementation and differences related to teachers in a tested subject and teachers in a non-tested subject. To implement standards effectively, teachers needed training, support, resources, and time for reflection.



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