Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Ph.D. in Counselor Education


Leadership and Counselor Education

First Advisor

Marilyn S. Snow

Second Advisor

Jonathan Winburn

Third Advisor

Tabitha Young

Relational Format



The primary purpose of this quantitative study was to determine the relationship between adult attachment styles, climate and comfort in training, social empathy and advocacy competency in counselor trainees. Advocacy competency has become a critical aspect of counseling, yet few studies exist that determine the predictive influence of concepts such as adult attachment, climate and comfort of training, and social empathy. The following study surveyed graduate students in counseling to determine the influence of adult attachment, climate and comfort of training, and social empathy on advocacy competency beyond the stage in counselor program. A Pearson r and hierarchical regression model were used to analyze the data. Results revealed significant relationships between adult attachment, climate and comfort in training, social empathy, and advocacy competency.

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