Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Ph.D. in Psychology



First Advisor

Alan M. Gross

Second Advisor

Kathy Knight

Third Advisor

Scott A. Gustafson

Relational Format



Research has shown that bullying, especially chronic levels of bullying, during childhood may lead to negative outcomes, such as anxiety and depression in adulthood. Cyberbullying, or bullying through electronic media, is a recent phenomenon that has sparked interest in examining bullying with young adults, as early research suggests cyberbullying is becoming increasingly problematic within the young adult population and has the potential for negative psychosocial outcomes. Data indicate a relationship between loneliness and negative psychosocial outcomes, suggesting loneliness may be a key factor in the relationship between stress resulting from cyberbullying victimization and psychological distress. Moreover, although cyberbullying may lead to negative psychosocial outcomes, some individuals appear to be more resilient than others to this stress; demonstrating better than expected outcomes in the face of cyberbullying victimization. Resilience has been suggested to be a “buffer” against negative psychosocial outcomes, and therefore may be important to the relationship among cyberbullying, loneliness, and psychosocial health. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships among cyberbullying, loneliness, resilience, and psychosocial health in college students. Participants were 543 undergraduate students, ranging in age from 18-30 plus years old, from a public university in the southeastern United States. Participants completed the study online through Qualtrics, a web based survey system. Participants completed a demographic questionnaire, the Cyberbullying Scale (CBS), UCLA Loneliness Scale (Version 3), the Brief Resilience Scale (BRS), and the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale – 21 (DASS-21). It was hypothesized that the experience of cyberbullying (X) would predict negative psychosocial outcomes (Y) as mediated through loneliness (M). Additionally, given the rationale that resilience potentially provides protective factor against loneliness, it was hypothesized that resilience (W) would moderate the relationship between loneliness (M) and negative psychosocial outcomes (Y). A moderated mediation analysis was conducted using Model 14 in the PROCESS procedure for SPSS (Hayes, 2013). Contrary to predictions, the moderated mediation effect was not significant. However, as expected, loneliness was found to mediate the relationship between cyberbullying and negative psychosocial outcomes. Implications of findings are discussed.


Emphasis: Clinical Psychology

Included in

Psychology Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.