Date of Award
Chemistry and Biochemistry
A fungus was isolated from Hedera helix (English ivy) leaves experiencing necrosis and identified as Diaporthe eres by molecular techniques. The fungus was grown in potato dextrose broth medium and the culture medium was extracted with ethyl acetate. Bioassay guided fractionation of ethyl acetate extract of culture filtrate of this fungus led to the isolation of two phytotoxic compounds that are active against the seed germination of the monocotyledon Agrostis stolonifera at 1 mg mL-1. Structures of these active compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods and were determined 8-hydroxy-3.7-dimethylisochroman-1-one and 2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-ethanol. This is the first finding presented on the phytotoxic effects of as 8-hydroxy-3.7-dimethylisochroman-1-one.
Briscoe, William E., "Identification of a Phytotoxic Fungus and an Investigation into the Isolation of its Phytotoxic Constituents" (2014). Honors Theses. 945.