Journal of Contemporary Research in Education


People with intellectual disabilities (ID) have several rehabilitation needs, which are difficult to address at one institution. Community-based rehabilitation (CBR) is one approach that provides services that meet their varied needs within their own communities. Objective of this research is to study a community-based rehabilitation program that provides comprehensive rehabilitation to people with ID in India. People with ID were identified through a door-to-door survey in 63 villages of the Barwani District. Patients received medical, educational, psychosocial, and vocational intervention by a CBR team. A total of 262 subjects, 140 tribal (53.4%), 122 non-tribal (46.6%) were categorized as borderline (5, 1.9%), mild (79, 30.1%), moderate (100, 38.1%), severe (63, 24.4%), and profound (15, 5.7%). Patients were both male (138, 52.7%) and female (124, 47.3%). Medical intervention was provided to 100% of study subjects, inclusion to 74 (28.2%), parent training to 204 (77.8%), and disability certificate to 225 (85.9%). CBR is a feasible and acceptable approach in poor rural settings that enables ID people, their parents, and respective communities to promote patient rehabilitation and inclusion.

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