The following research used factor analyses to test the PANAS with a diverse sample. Results revealed a 10-item, two-factor model that was verified using internal replication analysis. Positive and negative affect according to ethnic group revealed significant differences between groups. Findings from this study offer counseling researchers and practitioners a modified version of the PANAS for diverse clients.
Crowe, Allison; Mullen, Patrick R.; and Barnes, Rachelle Redmond
"The Factor Structure of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule in Multiethnic Adults,"
Journal of Counseling Research and Practice: Vol. 7:
2, Article 7.
Available at: https://egrove.olemiss.edu/jcrp/vol7/iss2/7