Black farmers tend to live in southern counties where nonfarm employment opportunities are limited. These counties have grown slowly, much more slowly than southern metropolitan areas. In counties with concentrations of black farmers, blacks face severe economic and social conditions. They have a higher incidence of poverty, less education, and higher unemployment than other blacks in the South. In addition, blacks in these counties lag far behind whites in socioeconomic status. Economic growth and socioeconomic conditions in counties with black farmers vary considerably by region. Strategies to address the black farm crisis must consider both the characteristics of black farmers, such as their advanced age, and the economic and social conditions of areas where they live.
Hoppe, Robert, and Herman Bluestone. 1987. "Black Farmers and the Economic and Social Conditions Where They Live: Some Policy Implications." Journal of Rural Social Sciences, 05(1): Article 5. Available at: https://egrove.olemiss.edu/jrss/vol05/iss1/5