This paper addresses the transition of Ukrainian Plant Protection Stations (PPS) from technical agencies in the Soviet command economy to a public service for farmers in an emerging market economy. It opens with an overview of the circulation of agricultural knowledge and information in Soviet agriculture. During the transition, the fundamental knowledge-based problem for agricultural sector actors has been to recognize distinct private and public sectors which balance market incentives with the maintenance of social welfare and allow for adaptive decision-making with respect to technical, environmental, social, and financial trade-offs. Two annual surveys of plant protection stakeholders designed to improve development and delivery of appropriate pest management information have demonstrated some success in the delivery of technical information services for a privatized agricultural sector. The analysis concludes, however, that recognition of the need to evaluate technical, environmental, social, and financial trade-offs of market-based alternatives has yet to be developed.

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