Kenneth S. Goldstein was a folklorist, collector, record producer, teacher, folk festival organizer, and chairman of the University of Pennsylvania's Department of Folklore and Folklife. Having received his B.A. and M.A. from the City College of New York, Goldstein earned his Ph.D. in folklore from the University of Pennsylvania in 1963. Prior to his work in academia, Goldstein recorded artists like Lightnin' Hopkins and Brownie McGhee. He produced over 500 records for Riverside, Stinson, Prestige, and other labels.
The Kenneth S. Goldstein Collection at the University of Mississippi includes audio recordings and song broadsides primarily from the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Canada. Goldstein's extensive collection of American folklore can be found at Middle Tennessee State's Center for Popular Music.