The Jews used bars and rings of gold and silver as money prior to using coins. Syrian, Roman, and Jewish coins were used during the time of Christ. The Roman Government imposed a tremendous tax burden upon its subjects. The people of Israel also had to pay a tax to the temple. Publicans, or tax collectors, were well known for their corruption. Thus, the Jews had utter contempt for publicans. Christ paid his share of taxes and taught that it was right to do so even under the corrupt system of the Romans.
Campbell, Alan D.
"Monetary system, taxation, and publicans in the time of Christ,"
Accounting Historians Journal: Vol. 13
, Article 11.
Available at: https://egrove.olemiss.edu/aah_journal/vol13/iss2/11