Honors Theses

Date of Award


Document Type

Undergraduate Thesis


Croft Institute for International Studies

First Advisor

Joseph Holland

Relational Format



This thesis examines the issue of food waste in Germany and proposes policy solutions for food waste in German households. The author analyzes the history and background of sustainability and food waste in Germany in order to recommend a change in policy. The author uses a systematic literature review as the primary method for investigating food waste in Germany. The findings indicate that household food waste occurs due to a lack of planning, misreading food labels, misconceptions about food, improper food storage techniques, and a lack of awareness on the economic and environmental implications of food waste. Moreover, various demographic factors, such as income, household size, and age, along with psychological and social factors, influence household food waste. While current policies in Germany, such as the Too Good for the Bin policy, are making a positive impact on food waste prevention, policy change is needed in order to reach food waste goals, such as Goal 12 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, which focuses on responsible consumption and sustainable development. The findings in this thesis lead to policy recommendations through the following means: education, economic instruments, laws and regulations, and technology. In order for the policy to be effective, food waste policies should be cost efficient and structurally organized.


A thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for completion of the Bachelor of Arts degree in International Studies from the Croft Institute for International Studies and the Sally McDonnell Barksdale Honors College.



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