Honors Theses

Date of Award

Spring 5-4-2022

Document Type

Undergraduate Thesis

Department

Psychology

First Advisor

John Young

Second Advisor

Mervin Matthew

Third Advisor

Karen Sabol

Relational Format

Dissertation/Thesis

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to assess the knowledge and opinions of the general public in rural areas in regard to genetic testing and pharmacogenomics. 40 people from self-identified rural areas participated in this study by completing an online Qualtrics questionnaire and an in-person or online semi-structured qualitative interview. The Qualtrics questionnaire measured demographic information, as well as depression, anxiety, stress, positive affect, and negative affect using the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21) and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) measures. The semi-structured qualitative interview included questions pertaining to the decision support tool (DST) presented to participants, as well as health-care preferences and likelihoods of pursuing specific strategies of intervention. Overall, results indicated that the position of drugs within the DST visual framework had an effect on respondents’ medication preferences. Qualitative data also suggested that these decisions were made in the context of relatively little knowledge. In addition, participants indicated further details such as side effects, medication ingredients, costs, addiction statistics, possible medication interactions, dosages, and previous controlled clinical trial results as information they would find helpful. Results from the study can be used to improve the implementation of pharmacogenomic testing within rural medical settings.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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