Honors Theses

Date of Award

Winter 12-6-2022

Document Type

Undergraduate Thesis


Communication Sciences and Disorders

First Advisor

Carolyn Higdon

Second Advisor

Hyejin Park

Third Advisor

Gregory Snyder

Relational Format



Craniofacial anomalies occur in 1 of 750 newborns a year with the three main types being cleft lip, cleft palate, and cleft lip and/or cleft palate. There are six main factors that affect craniofacial anomalies that are focused on in this research, including genetics, environmental factors, medications, diet, health risks, and surgical procedures/surgeons. The research found that there is a lot of information on craniofacial anomalies and speech-language pathologists need to learn about as much as possible. The lack of knowledge and academic preparations speech-language pathologists have in craniofacial anomalies has decreased their awareness in the birth defect and has also caused a lack of confidence in their practices to properly treat these patients. In conclusion, there needs to be an improvement in the academic preparation in the CSD undergraduate and graduate programs in craniofacial anomalies.

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