A Comparison of American Football Cleats and Soccer Cleats on Measures of Force in a Countermovement Vertical Jump
Date of Award
Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management
The configuration of cleats has been reported to affect force production in several performance-related tasks such as running and cutting, and it may have the ability to alter vertical jump performance. The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of cleat configuration in American football and soccer cleats on force production resulting from a maximal countermovement vertical jump. Ten recreationally trained male participants (age: 21.6 Â± 1.35 years; height: 180.0 Â± 4.51 cm; mass: 83.89 Â± 6.74 kg) volunteered to participate in one three-hour testing session. A counterbalanced, controlled cross-over design was utilized for the three footwear conditions, which included the Nike Alpha Strike 2 TD football cleat (FC), Nike Tiempo Rio 2 FG soccer cleat (SC), and the Nike Dart running shoe (RS). The session consisted of a warm-up followed by the execution of three maximal vertical jumps on a force platform covered by artificial turf for each footwear condition. Data from the force plate allowed determination of three of the dependent variables [ground reaction force (Fz), normalized ground reaction force (nFz), and rate of force development (RFD)], while a Vertec measuring device was used to obtain vertical jump height (VJH). No statistically significant differences were found (p>.05) between conditions for any of the dependent variables. Therefore, this study shows there is no advantage of wearing a certain cleat type during vertical jump performance.
Hiskey, Jessica, "A Comparison of American Football Cleats and Soccer Cleats on Measures of Force in a Countermovement Vertical Jump" (2016). Honors Theses. 446.