Honors Theses

Date of Award


Document Type

Undergraduate Thesis


Croft Institute for International Studies

First Advisor

Amy McDowell

Relational Format



This paper explores the racialization of French Muslim hip-hop community in the context of the Charlie Hebdo massacre, and the extent to which French rap artists were limited in their ability to criticize the French government and secularist France in the months following the massacre. This was accomplished by performing content analyses of the remarks of popular French Muslim rap artists on the Charlie Hebdo Massacre and articles from popular, accessible online French news publications covering the remarks of both French Muslim and non-Muslim rap artists. After a careful analysis of the rappers' remarks and the media coverage of those remarks, I determined that there was in fact an active racialization of Muslim members of the hip-hop community in the media, and that the rap artists in question felt constrained in their freedom of expression and their ability to criticize popular French culture following the massacre.


A thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirements for completion of the Bachelor of Arts degree in International Studies from the Croft Institute for International Studies and the Sally McDonnell Barksdale Honors College.

Included in

Sociology Commons



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