Divine Ventriloquism in Medieval English Literature: Power, Anxiety, and Subversion
A study of medieval attitudes towards the ventriloquism of God's and Christ's voices through human media, which reveals a progression from an orthodox view of divine vocal power to an anxiety over the authority of the priest's voice to a subversive take on the divine voice that foreshadows Protestant devotion.
Hayes, Mary, "Divine Ventriloquism in Medieval English Literature: Power, Anxiety, and Subversion" (2011). Liberal Arts Faculty Books. 183.