Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award

2019

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

M.S. in Pharmaceutical Science

Department

Pharmaceutics and Drug Delivery

First Advisor

Ikhlas Khan

Second Advisor

Robert Doerksen

Third Advisor

Samir Ross

Relational Format

dissertation/thesis

Abstract

Cyanotis. vaga (Lour.) Schult, & Schult. f. (C. vaga) previously called Tradescantia vaga and Cyanotis barbata, is a perennial herb. It is native to Eastern Asia and Tropical Africa. It has been reported that its decoction reduces fever and enhances well-being. Recently, C. vaga has been used widely for its anabolic effects, due to its richness of ecdysteroids. Even though C. vaga is a common medicinal plant (dietary supplement), there are no reports about its effect on the drug metabolizing enzyme Cytochromes P450 to predict its interaction with concomitantly used medications. In this study, eight ecdysteroids were isolated from C. vaga, including two previously reported from C. vaga. The additional six ecdysteroids were reported for the first time from this plant. The extract and isolates were tested for their inhibitory effects on the CYP3A4 enzyme, which is a major CYP isoform involved in the metabolism of commonly-used clinical drugs.

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