Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Ph.D. in Engineering Science

First Advisor

Farhad Farzbod

Second Advisor

A.M. "Raj" Rajendran

Third Advisor

Taiho Yeom

Relational Format



Breaking reciprocity in linear acoustic systems and designing a novel actuator for the nonreciprocal valveless pumps are studied in this dissertation. The first part was started by deriving the acoustic governing equations in a moving wave propagation medium. It was shown thatthe Coriolis acceleration term appears ina cross-product term with the wave vector. It means the main reason for breaking reciprocity in the circular fluid flow is the Coriolis acceleration term. Finally, the governing equations were solved numerically by COMSOL Multiphysics software. Moreover, Green`s second identity was used as a complimentary method to prove breaking reciprocityin such a system with moving medium. It is concluded that the non-reciprocity is magnified by increasing the angular velocity of the fluid system. The second part of this thesis is about achieving non-reciprocity utilizing the arrangement of a nozzle and diffuser as the inlet and outlet ports. This part’s goal is to design a novel flexible actuator design for a valveless pump. The actuation mechanism which is novel in its own term, uses liquid metal called galinstan, a non-magnetic but electrically conducting alloy. In the designed device, an alternating current (AC) is applied onto a microchannel filled with galinstan. This device is placed between two permanent magnets with opposing poles. Due to the Lorentz force law, there will be radial in-plane forces on the polymeric flexible substrate. These in-plane forces radially contract and expand the circular diaphragm to provide an upward and downward out of plane bending moment, which causes an oscillatory reciprocating movement similar to a piezoelectric actuator`s movement. Compared to the traditional piezo electric materials such as Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT), this actuator has numerous advantages such as being flexible, having the ability to be scaled down, being formed as an integrated structure, and being fabricated by a considerably simple process. The prototype of the pump could be fabricated easily with Platinum Silicone rubber and some low-cost 3D printed elements. Although the prototype has been fabricated in a relatively large size, it is considered as a proper conceptual model representing the performance of the pump.



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