Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

M.S.E.S. in Exercise Science

First Advisor

Thomas L. Andre

Second Advisor

Jeremy P. Loenneke

Third Advisor

Mark Loftin

Relational Format



Visual training has previously been shown to correlate to sport specific level of training and sport specific performance measures in controlled conditions. However, it remains unclear if these relationships exist between visual tracking thresholds and in competition decision making metrics over the duration of a soccer season. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between visual tracking speed (VTS) baseline scores and soccer-specific performance measures. In total, 19 NCAA Division I soccer players were tested before the 2021 spring soccer season, after exclusionary criteria only 13 were utilized for analysis. VTS was measured from 1-core session (20 trials) on a 3-demensional multiple object tracking (3D-MOT) software Neurotracker (NT; CogniSens Athletic, Inc., Montreal, Quebec, Canada). The soccer performance metrics were obtained from WyScout (Wyscout, Chiavari, Italy). Spearman’s rank order correlation coefficient was utilized to examine potential correlations between criterion variables. There was weak nonsignificant correlation between VTS score and passing accuracy (r = -0.380, p = 0.20). However, there was a strong correlation found between consistency score and passing accuracy (r=0.650, p = 0.016). When examining players based on their role of attackers compared to defenders, there were strong correlations for attacking players consisting of a nonsignificant strong correlation with consistency and passing accuracy (r = 0.730, p = 0.063) was observed. For defenders, consistency and defensive win rate had a strong correlation (r = 0.731, p = 0.099). This is the first study to examine NeuroTracker (NT) VTS and soccer performance metrics related to in-game decision-making. While consistency was found to correlate with some of the decision-making metrics, VTS did not correlate with any team performance metrics. Future research should seek to include multiple teams for improved sample size while also exploring a potential transfer effect through training.

Included in

Kinesiology Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.