Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Ph.D. in Education

First Advisor

Mark E. Deschaine

Second Advisor

Dennis Bunch

Third Advisor

Doug Davis


University of Mississippi

Relational Format



In the Spring of 2020, the Covid-19 pandemic changed not only the way in which our daily lives were carried out, but it also drastically effected the way schools operated. Many if not all school districts in the state of Mississippi began operating in some type of remote fashion during the spring of 2020. Some school districts switched to an online format while others operated using a hybrid model which may have included work packets being completed at home or a combination of the two. The type of model by which each school operated often depended on the resources available to them. Regardless of the changes each individual school was forced to make, a profound impact was had on not only the students, but also the certified elementary school staff.

The purpose of this study is to explore different perceptions among demographic groups as it relates to the six elements of the School Culture Survey (SCS) and determine if a statistically significant difference exists between identified groups of certified elementary school staff relating to their views on the culture within their schools during the Covid-19 pandemic. The groups which are being measured are certified elementary staff’s years of experience, highest level of degree earned, race, and gender. The primary data for this study were obtained from 129 certified elementary school staff using the School Culture Survey (SCS). Two school districts in north Mississippi participated in the study. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was used to determine whether a statistically significant difference existed among the identified groups relating to their view on the current state of their school’s culture during the Covid-19 pandemic.



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