Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Ph.D. in Health and Kinesiology


Health, Exercise Science, and Recreation Management

First Advisor

Martha Bass

Second Advisor

Linda Keena

Third Advisor

Allison Ford-Wade

Relational Format



Sexual violence is a serious problem that can have lasting, harmful effects on victims and their family, friends, and communities (CDC, 2014). Approximately one in five women will become a victim of sexual violence at some point in their lifetime (RAINN, 2009). College women are at a greater risk for rape and other forms of sexual assault than women in the general population (Fisher, Cullen & Turner, 2000). During an academic school year, approximately three percent of college women became a victim of sexual violence (Tijaden & Thoennes, 1998). Sorority women are four times more likely to experience sexual violence compared to other college women (Minow & Einolf, 2009). To date, only one study has assessed a sexual violence prevention program targeting sorority women (Moynihan, Banyard, Arnold, Eckstein, & Stapleton, 2011). This study assessed the effectiveness of Safe Sisters, a sexual violence prevention program for sorority women that is based on the Health Belief Model. Four sororities (2 for experimental program group, 2 for comparison group) were recruited via email to organization presidents. The study evaluated Health Belief Model constructs and knowledge, via questionnaires, at two time-points: pre-test and post-test. Of 283 participants contacted, at pretest there were 176 participants (a 62% response rate) and at post-test there were 137 participants (a 48% response rate). Difference in differences regression was used to compare interventions and dependent variables from pre-test to post-test. There was a significant difference in decisional balance (β = .655, 95% CI [.145, 1.16], p =.012), knowledge (β = 2.09, 95% CI [β = 1.55, 2.64], p =.000), and bystander self-efficacy (β = .343, 95% CI [.031, .655], p = .032) from pre-test to post-test. Participants in the treatment group shoa significant increase in knowledge of alcohol as a rape drug and the UWF Sexual Misconduct Policy. There was also significant increase in one's belief that intervening can prevent someone from being hurt. The Safe Sisters program is a promising tool for educating sorority women about sexual violence.


Emphasis: Health Behavior



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