Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Ph.D. in Counselor Education

First Advisor

Marilyn S. Snow

Second Advisor

Fannye E. Love

Third Advisor

Susan Mossing

Relational Format



The purpose of this quantitative study was to examine the influences of a school-based cultural awareness program on ethnic identity and self-esteem in fifth grade early adolescents. The development and implementation of a school-based cultural awareness program was intended to offer students a basic foundation for the development and/or enhancement of ethnic identity and self-esteem. 106 fifth grade early adolescents participated in this study. All participants were recruited from one elementary school in the southeastern part of the United States. Participants completed a research packet including the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE) both before and after the program. Results indicated a significant relationship between ethnic identity and self-esteem. Also, results of this study shoa significant difference between ethnic identity and self-esteem after participation in the cultural awareness program. The findings of this study are related to previous research. The implications of this study, limitations, and suggestions for future research are discussed.



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