This research is a part of a much larger study which has been conducted on the implementation of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Welfare Reform in the state of Mississippi. The study on the implementation of TANF employs qualitative and quantitative approaches to data collection and analysis. One of the quantitative components of that study is a statewide survey of former and current TANF and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients which includes 1688 respondents. This number represents roughly 10 percent of the 15,000 families on welfare in the state of Mississippi (the most available data). The sample is overwhelmingly African-American and female and we posit that this is a realistic reflection of the current welfare population. As the survey was disaggregated by congressional districts, some patterns relative to access of supports emerged which reflected racial disparities. This pattern inspired researchers to "look" deeper and to analyze data from the five congressional districts and the state as a whole which most closely illustrated the issue of disparity.

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