The purpose of this study was to examine factors associated with social support in a rural, homeless population. Ninety-six (N= 96) individuals voluntarily agreed to participate in an evaluation examining effectiveness of enhanced substance use and mental health services provided to homeless individuals. The primary variables of interest were: demographics, substance use, mental and physical health, and social support. We used bivariate analyses to examine the sample using two different indicators of past-thirty-day social support: (1) family/friend social support [no support/support] and (2) self-help group social support [no support groups/support groups]. We used two multivariate logistic regressions to examine the relationships between explanatory variables (demographics, substance use, and health) and the dependent variable social supports (i.e., family/friend support and self-help group support). Significant predictors of receiving family/friend social support were education and nonreligious self-help group attendance. Factors significantly associated with self-help group attendance were marital status, education, anxiety, and family/friend support. Although strides have been taken to increase resources among homeless individuals, efforts should continue, including assessments to identify those efforts that are most effective.

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