In Nigeria, few research studies have been documented on the health and occupational hazards of rural women with its implication on rural productivity. Women are often incapacitated by occupational hazards that interact with other causes of illness to produce a wide range of adverse outcomes. The increasing morbidity common among women has greatly impaired rural potential for optimum production. Hence, this review seeks to analyze health problems and occupational hazards of rural women resulting from their income generating activities. It also examined access and use of health care services. Primary data analyzed revealed reduced access to health care services, poverty, low level of agricultural mechanization, long work days, inadequate information and lack of extension contact and poor health status of women. Hence, dissemination of health related information is a panacea for dealing with rural occupational hazards. Extension workers must also educate women on necessary precautions during production activities.

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