Demand for soybean in southeast Africa is expected to double between 2010 and 2020 due to the growing population, and increasing demand in the livestock, poultry, and aquaculture industry (Walker and Cunguara 2016). However, the extent to which the current Mozambique and Malawi agricultural development policies support smallholder farmers’ participation in soybean farming is not well understood. To examine this, a comparative policy framework was used to examine how the agricultural development objectives stated by both countries were being implemented and the conditions by which they worked through. The study found that the agricultural development policies adopted by both countries were similar in that they were both influenced by CAADP, the UN, IMF, and the World Bank. Despite these similarities, the country specific objectives and productive environments slowed smallholder farmers’ participation in soybean farming.

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